Bali traditional carving
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One of prominent Bali museum expert, Drs. I Made Seraya has come to the ideas about the existence of Pratima or sacred symbols after observing some of the sculptures of Bali museum collections. To clarify the term of Pratima here is a short note from writer. Pratima is Sanskrit word used in Bali to refer the symbol of ideas. This symbols are normally anthropomorphic, yet it is added something to show super humanity. This symbol is put at the temple and is considered as sacred in it's function as the medium of homage and worship.

1. The pratimas of Bali museum are duplicates which gives the idea of belief aspect of the sculptures by Balinese Hindu.
2. The tradition of carving sculptures for the use of pratima, especially in Bali experienced fast development which was encouraged by one of Hindu doctrines called "Bhakti Marga". The pratima is used as the symbol of veneration, not being object of veneration.

Today most of these ancient sculptures are preserved at the temple, or a possibility that when the people found an assemblage of ancient sculptures they built temple at the site. This facts can be proved at many places in Bali. The tradition of carving sculpture as decoration and sacred part of temple has been practiced since the development of Hindu in India, see for example various temples at south India up to north India, on to Asia such as Thailand, Cambodia and Myanmar. Some of the sculptures are believed to be very old, close to the turn of Christian era.

Indonesia also records this old sculptures such as those found at Cibuaya village West Java, a sculpture of god Wisnu, and the sculpture found at the West coast of Sulawesi which style showing the tradition of Amaravati art of South India from 1st century of Christian era. In Indonesia until 8th century the sculpture found mostly as the effort of artists to symbolise gods such as Shiva, Wisnu, Brahma, Ganesha and others. The detail of the sculpture showing close observation of scriptures of India, from anatomy to all attributes.

Some proof of this tradition have been established. In Bali it seems that the tradition has been mixed up there is sculpture of gods and goddesses, beside the sculptures for the worship of king holy soul. In the following development of this tradition in Bali it seems not only the king's and his dignitaries but also the priests as proved by abundant finding of priest like ancient sculptures. After the relocation of capital city of Bali kingdom from Gianyar to Klungkung Bali experienced breakage of power, first Bali was broken into 8 kingdoms, then each of this kingdom again broken into many small kingdoms. All these kingdom were still consider the ruler in Klungkung as the highest ruler in Bali.

As a medium of worship it must be clean, pure in the sense of religious thinking. Sculpture for the dedication of holy soul was established as the commemorial of the person which is not the sculpture itself as the personification of the person being homaged. Many devotees of other religions blamed Hindu as idolitric worshipper. If we contemplate more deeper, what is the different between unsymbolized and symbolized? Not to be trapped in difficulty of accepting different ideas, the spirit of respecting god's creation is a spirit that is totally needed in this era when number of population might could not be supported by the nature. It is by chance that Balinese respects water, trees, clifs, canyon, hills, mountains and living beings, so they do not build houses at the bank of a river or shore line, at the beginning of a river, and throw wastes to the water which is today become a truth that they save the nature.

Garis Bali

Barong Dance
Devdan Nusa Dua Theatre
Erau Tribal Festival
Pasola Reba and Nagi
Kecak and Fire Dance
Pendet Dance
Wayang Puppet Show


Among various tour packages and tour options in Bali there are some tours which can be said always on the publications and interest a large part of travellers to Bali. Kintamani mountain tour sits at the first number as the most popular sightseeing tour, second is Taman Ayun and Tanah Lot tour, third is Uluwatu temple tour.