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GUWA LAWAH

Guwa Lawah is a natural cave which was probably under soil river in the past. The temple is known as Bat cave temple and one of tourist's stop for sightseeing to East Bali. The location is on the top of a hill on the beach. The view of Nusa Penida island across the sea is a beautiful panorama. The name of Gowa Lawah means cave of bats. Where hundreds of hanging bats are never leave the cave, only flying around the area and back again. Beside bats there are snakes which some times sleeping among the cliff on the mouth the cave. Many said that some times white dog and chicken also appear on the area. At the front of the cave mouth has been built a temple called Gowa Lawah temple.

No formal edicts or inscription that giving a clue of history of this temple. The only source about this is manuscript called Usana Bali and Pasek Chronicle, which mention the temple was built on the order of Mpu Kuturan, once he was the minister of the king ruled Bali in 11th century.

Myth says that the cave is going through Besakih temple and the base of Mt. Agung. According to the manuscript of Mengwi it is mentioned that one of the prince walk through the cave and arrive at Besakih temple. During the walk in the cave he meet many snakes, but when he arrive on the surface at Besakih he became deft. No one has ever prove this story.

The temple is dedicated to the god of the sea and also the god abode on mountain. One shrine is dedicated to the fairy tale Naga Basuki ( Basuki Serpent ) myth of Dang Hyang Nirarta. From the name Naga Basuki it suggests a close relation with Besakih temple. It is very probable that Gowa is the sea temple of Klungkung kingdom.

Total shrines and pavilions are 25 unit showing mixed worship between ancestor's worship and Hindu gods. Ritual is a ceremony performed every 6 month based on Hindu-Java calendar. Fixed date of the ceremony can be read in Balinese calendar which is already printed on November for the next year.

Bibliography
Goris, Dr. R.
Sejarah Bali Kuno, Singaraja, Bali, without date
Sekte-Sekte di Bali, translated by Soejono, Bhrattara, Jakarta, 1974
Bali Atlas Kebudayaan, Pemerintah Republic Indonesia, without date
Arti Pura Besakih Menurut Sejarah dan Ibadat, Majalah Bhakti, Th. II, No. 17

I.H.D. Kumpulan Penelitian Tentang Pura di Bali, diperbanyak untuk Lingkungan Institute Hindu Dharma Denpasar, Bali, without date.

Kempers, Dr. A.J Monumental Bali, Introduction to Balinese Archaeology & Guide to the Monuments, Periplus Addition, 1989

Linus, Drs. I .Kt. Sedikit Tentang Hubungan Konsepsional antara Candi dan Pura di Bali, Fakultas Sastra, Universita Udayana, Denpasar, 1974

Rata, Drs. I.B Konsepsi Dasar dan Pengembangan Pura di Bali, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Bali, 1979

Pemda Propinsi Bali Sejarah Bali 1980

Bali Age People and Villages
Bali Artists and Works
Bali Black Magic Trace
Bali Coffee
Bali Cuisines
Bali Double Ikat Clothing
Bali Fruit Salak
Bali Museum
Balinese, the people of Bali
Bali Painting Art
Bali Rose Flower
Bali Holidays
Bali Symbols the Pratima
Bali Temples Others
Bali War Dance
Bali Writing Craft
Balinese House
Balinese Kinship
Balinese Language
Balinese Naming Tradition
Banjar, the smallest Settlement Unit of Bali
Banten, the offering of Bali
Batukaru Temple
Beaches of Bali
Besakih Temple
Bureucracy of Traditional Bali
Castes, the Social Layer of Bali
Dialect of Bali Language
Erau Festival Kalimantan
Chinese Early Trace
Gua Gajah Temple
Gua Lawah Temple
Healing, the traditional medicament of Bali
History of Bali island
Java Traditional Events
Kamasan Painting Style
Keris a long dagger of magic weapon
Kulkul Bali traditional bell
Leak witch craft known in Bali
Mariage of Bali a long process of ritual
Myth or Fact Rajapurana
Ngaben and Cremation ceremony of Bali
Pasola and Reba Feasts
Ponjok Batu Temple
Sacred dance of Bali
Subak the organization of rice irrigation
Tajen Balinese Tranditional Gambling
Taman Ayun Temple
Tanah Lot Temple
Tirta Empul Temple
Ubud Painting and carving Art
Ulun Danu Temple
Uluwatu Temple
Yeh Pulu Temple

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